Origins and History Debus
Debus is a native martial art of Banten. This art is created in the Government of SultanMaulana Hasanudin (1532-1570 in the 16th century. Art demonstrates the strength or thewhistle is usually exceptional human abilities, including knowledge that is resistant tokebalan of lacing a sharp weapon, blows the fire, drinking hard water, entering objectsinto a whole coconut, fry an egg on the head, walking on glass, up the stairs so cleaverdanlain.
In the Dutch colonial era just as the royal offerings dipeagang leh Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa(1651-1682, Debus media pep digunaka as fighters against the Dutch colonialperagangan which was then incorporated in Vereenigde Oost Indische (VOC).
If studied in Arabic means Debus weapon made of iron which has a tapered ujunga andslightly rounded shape. Well, that’s why the tool is used as a means to hit or injure any player Debus, who demonstrated immune attractions. In addition, there are manyvariations of other attractions such as piercing the stomach, with his usual sharp nailsusing the pointed offerings, consuming fire, menusukan kelidah long needles, bark,cheeks until translucent and the results were no injuries and bleeding at all but can be cured at once, flush the body with hard water up to the clothes dibadan crushed, chewedglass / glass flake, burn the body. And many more attractions that they do.
Dibanten own art or skill to do Debus Debus become a commonplace, and manyuniversities that teach it. For now usually on the arts Debus pentaskan in events such asweddings, circumcision, Agustusan 17 events, and more events are usuallydemonstrates this art.
In the past offerings is an area that has a port city that is very friendly and have an open and prosperous society. At first offerings are part of the kingdom Tarumanegara that left one of the inscriptions the inscription cidanghiyang sometimes called valley inscriptions, which have been found in rather swampy village on the edge cidanghiyang, kecamtan munjul, Pandeglang, Banten in 1947 which contains a sentence with the letter pusisisansakerta Pallawa and language. The inscription describes the king’s majesty and courage Purnawarman. After the collapse of the empire caused Tarumanegara attacks Srivijaya kingdom, the power on the island of Java, from Ujung Kulon to Ci Serayu and Kali Berebes followed by the Kingdom of Sunda. Such statements Tome Pires, Portuguese exploration in the year 1513, mentions Banten become one of the important port of Sunda kingdom. According to sources from pertugis is also a port of the kingdom of Banten harbor selaain Cigede, Tamgara (Tangerang), Coconut, helter and Cimanuk.
Starting with the mastery of the Port City of Banten, which continued with the capture of shoots umun Girang Bantam in 1527, Maulana Hasanuddin, established in the territory of the former Sultanate of Banten Banten Girang. And in 1579, Maulana Yusuf, Maulana Hasanuddin successor, destroying Pakuan Pajajaran, capital or pakuan (from dar said pakuwuan) Kingdom of Sunda. Thus the administration in West Java, followed by the Sultanate of Banten. It was marked by Sriman Palangka diboyongnya Sriwacana, the seat when a king was crowned, from Pakuan Pajajaran to Surasowan in Metro Manila by the forces of Maulana Yusuf. Stone size 200 x 160 x 20 cm was forced to go home to Jakarta because of the political tradition of the time it “requires” it. First, to take away from these Palangka, Pakuan no longer possible in the new king was crowned.Secondly, by having it Palangka, Maulana Yusuf was the successor of the Kingdom of Sunda power “legitimate” because the great-girl is the daughter of Maharaja Sri Baduga.
When it became the center of the Sultanate of Banten, as reported by J. de Barros, Banten is a major port in Southeast Asia, parallel to the Malacca and Makassar. Banten city located in the mid-coast of a bay, a width up to three miles. The city was 850 fathoms in length. In the seaside town of 400 fathoms in length; get into it much longer. Through the middle of town there is a crystal clear river, where ships of sailing junks and gale can enter. Along the edge of town there is a tributary, the river that is not how wide it is only small boats can sail into. At the outskirts of town there is a fortress whose walls are made of brick and seven palms wide. Defense buildings made of wood, consisting of two levels, and armed with good weapons. In the middle of the town square are used for the benefit of military activities and folk art and the market in the morning. The Royal Palace is located in the southern part of the square. Beside it was a building is elevated and flat-roofed, called Srimanganti, which is used as the king face to face with people. In the west of the square built a grand mosque.
At the beginning of the 17th century AD, the Bantam is one of the important commercial center in the path of international commerce in Asia. Tata modern administrative government and harbor are very favorable to the growth of the community perekonmian.Territory includes the territory that is now the province of Lampung. When the Dutch arrived in Florida for the first time, the Portuguese have long entered the Banten. Then the British set up lodges in Florida, and followed by the Dutch.
In addition, the people of France and Denmark had ever come in Banten. In the competition between European traders, the Dutch emerged as the winner. The Portuguese escape from Banten (1601), after their fleet was destroyed by the Dutch fleet off the coast of Banten. The English were excluded from the Batavia (1619) and Bantam (1684) due to the actions of the Dutch.
Lithography is based on a painting by Abraham Salm with a view in Punjab (1865-1872)
On January 1, 1926 Dutch government passed a law to reform the system of decentralization and deconcentration wider. In Java, the province established an autonomous government. Provincie West Java is the first province to set up in the Dutch East Indies which was inaugurated by decree dated January 1, 1926, and enacted in the Statute (Statute) No. 1926. 326, No. 1928. No. 27 jo. 28, No. 1928. 438, and No. 1932.507. Bantam become one of the residency in West Java as well Provincie Batavia, Buitenzorg (Bogor), Priangan, and
Culture and values
Most community members embrace Islam with religious fervor is high, but other religions can coexist peacefully.
Potential and cultural particularities of Banten, among other martial art of Pencak Silat, Debus, Rudad, Umbruk, Saman Dance, Mask Dance, Dance Cokek, Dog-dog, Palingtung, and lojor. In addition there are also relics of ancestral heritage, among others, the Great Mosque of Banten Lama, Sacred Tomb of length, and many other relics.
In Banten province there is a Bedouin tribe. Bedouin tribes in the tribal Sunda Banten still maintain the tradition of anti-modernization, both dress and other lifestyle. Bedouin tribes living in the region-Rawayan Heritage Mountain area of 5101.85 hectares Kendeng Kanekes area, District Leuwidamar, Lebak. Bedouins settlements are generally located in river basins in the Mountains Kendeng Ciujung. This area is known as the deposit of ancestral lands, which must be maintained and guarded carefully, should not be tampered with.
The natives who live in the province of Banten speak the dialect which is derived from the ancient Sundanese. Dialects are classified as coarse language in modern Sundanese language, which has several levels of the fine to coarse level (informal), who first created in the Sultanate of Mataram controlled Priangan (the eastern province of West Java).However, in South Banten region as valley and Pandeglang use Sundanese Sundanese mixture of Ancient, Modern and Indonesian Sunda, in Serang and Cilegon, Banten Java languages used by ethnic Javanese. And, in the northern city of Jakarta, the Indonesian language with dialects are also used by Betawi Betawi ethnic immigrants. In addition to the Sundanese, Javanese and Betawi dialect, Indonesian language is also used primarily by migrants from other parts of Indonesia.
Machete is a traditional weapon in Florida just as the traditional weapon of the Special Capital Province of Jakarta
Customary house the stage house roof thatching and the floors made of split bamboo pelupuh the door. While the walls were made of the chamber (gedek). For the buffer stage house is a stone that has been made in such a way that the tip-shaped beam decreasing as the base stone used for pounding rice. This custom home is still found in areas inhabited by people Kanekes or also called the Bedouin.